Score One for the Troglodytes
Via Ampersand, a study (summary by the Washington Post, full text as PDF) finding that men with traditional views about gender roles made much more money than men with nontraditional views after controlling for type of work, educational attainment, and hours worked per week*. There was an opposite but weaker effect for women---women with gender-egalitarian views earned more than women with traditional views.
Naturally, some of the lefty commenters immediately suspect discrimination against insufficiently masculine men. I guess it's possible, but wouldn't there also be discrimination against women who don't fit into traditional gender roles? Yet they make more money than those who do. Note also this delightfully self-congratulatory comment from nojojojo:
I think men with egalitarian attitudes are probably men who have made themselves see the inequity of the world, and committed themselves to doing something about it....So you’ll see egalitarian men in fields like education and health care, where *nobody* makes much money (even though they should, considering their contribution to society).
Really? Nobody makes much money in health care? Anyway, as Les points out in the following comment, this explanation is ruled out by the fact that the study controlled for field of work. Robert, a traditionalist himself, proposes an explanation based on the idea that traditional parental division of labor is more efficient.
Being the mercenary bastard that I am, my mind went straight to incentives. Here are some hypotheses I haven't seen anyone else mention:
- People are more likely to hold traditional views when the cost of doing so is low. At the margin, a man is more likely to hold traditional views when his income is high and he can easily afford to support a stay-at-home wife. Conversely, a woman is more likely to hold traditional views when she doesn't make much money and the cost of giving up her job is low.
- A man is more likely to get used to the idea of women working outside the home if his wife has to work outside the home for financial reasons. Likewise women.
- If a man has a stay-at-home wife, or wants to have one someday, this spurs him to work harder. To a traditionalist, to be unable to support a family single-handedly is to be less of a man. He works harder because he has to. Conversely, a woman expecting to leave the job market in 5 years or so doesn't really have any good reason to knock herself out.
I haven't completely read the study, so some or all of these may be ruled out on closer inspection.
Note that in the chart of raw correlations, earnings correlated most strongly (.38) with cognitive ability as measured by the ASVAB.
*However, this doesn't mean that traditionalist men actually make more than men with nontraditional views; only that they make more when you add these controls. I'm not sure what the raw correlation is—the chart gives it as -.11, but there's a footnote saying that this isn't meaningful because of the way the variables were averaged over time. So the title of this post may not be correct, strictly speaking. But I like it, and you can't make me change it.